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Unveiling the Charming Secrets of Besalú: A Guide to the Enchanting Medieval Town

Step back in time and immerse yourself in the enchanting medieval town of Besalú, nestled in the heart of Catalonia, Spain. Boasting a rich history, well-preserved architecture, and a vibrant cultural scene, Besalú promises an unforgettable experience for travelers seeking hidden gems off the beaten path. Are you ready to unveil the charming secrets of this captivating town? Let’s begin our journey!

  • Explore Besalú’s enchanting medieval town with its captivating Roman roots, Jewish heritage and iconic landmarks!
  • Discover the 11th century Medieval Bridge, churches of Gothic & Romanesque architecture and 12th-century Ritual Baths.
  • Experience local crafts, vibrant cultural scene & tantalizing culinary delights on your visit to Besalú!

Exploring Besalú’s Rich History

Besalú’s fascinating history spans from its Roman beginnings to its medieval prominence and rich Jewish heritage, making it a treasure trove for history enthusiasts. As you wander through the narrow cobblestone streets, imagine the bustling marketplace and vibrant religious life in centuries past.

The town’s architectural marvels, such as the monastery from the 10th century, stunning castles from the 14th century, and a remarkable medieval synagogue from the 12th century, stand as testaments to Besalú’s glorious past.

Roman Beginnings

Archaeological evidence suggests that Besalú’s rich history originated during the Roman era, indicating that the town was once a thriving and vibrant urban center. Besalú’s Roman heritage is clearly reflected in the stunning Romanesque bridge that spans the Fluvià river. Additionally, the Church of Saint Mary and the Plaça dels Jueus (Jewish Square) showcase intriguing remnants of Roman pavements and walls. These ancient structures give us a glimpse into a time when the town played a crucial role as a trading hub and boasted significant buildings in its center.

Medieval Era and Jewish Heritage

Besalú thrived as a leading town during the medieval era, housing a substantial Jewish community. This community coexisted peacefully with Christians until the late 14th century. A visit to the 12th-century Jewish baths, or Mikveh, offers an insight into the historical cleansing rituals and is a must-see attraction in the town.

Medieval town of Besalu in Spain
Medieval town of Besalu in Spain

The Abbot of Monestir de Sant Pere, the town’s main authority during the 12th and 13th centuries, was responsible for maintaining harmony within the diverse community. The Church of St. Peter, with its unique window depicting two lions symbolizing the power, strength, and protection offered by the church against paganism and evil, and a corridor reserved for pilgrims during the Middle Ages, adds to the town’s medieval charm.

Modern-Day Besalú

Nowadays, Besalú, a remarkably preserved medieval town, entices visitors worldwide with its quaint streets, historic landmarks, and vibrant cultural events. Tourism plays a significant role in the town’s economy, stimulating local businesses and creating job opportunities for its population.

Whether you are visiting during one of Besalú’s annual festivals or simply strolling through its picturesque streets, you will be captivated by the town’s unique blend of history, art, and modern-day charm.

Discovering the Iconic Landmarks

Besalú’s iconic landmarks, such as the medieval bridge, beautiful churches, and remnants of the Jewish quarter, serve as a constant reminder of the town’s rich history and architectural prowess.

Medieval bridge in Besalu, Spain
Medieval bridge in Besalú, Spain

Exploring these magnificent attractions in the historic town offers a journey back in time, providing a firsthand experience of the town’s illustrious past. Be sure to visit the tourist office for more information on these attractions.

The Medieval Bridge

The medieval bridge, Besalú’s most iconic symbol, stands as an engineering marvel from antiquity, offering breathtaking views and opportunities for photography. Built in the 11th century, the bridge spans the River Fluvia and features seven arches, two towers, and a bend in the middle. The bridge was originally a defensive fortification and a toll bridge, with its two imposing towers guarding the entrance to the town.

Pause to marvel at this awe-striking structure, appreciating the craftsmanship of those who constructed it centuries ago.

Churches of Besalú

Several exquisite churches reside in Besalú, each displaying a unique fusion of Gothic and Romanesque architectural styles. The Monastery of Sant Pere, a basilica-style church that once belonged to the Benedictine order, is an architectural gem worth exploring. The Church of Sant Vicente de Besalú, on the other hand, is the parish church of the town, dating back to around 977. Built with Romanesque and Gothic elements, it serves as a remarkable example of Besalú’s diverse architectural heritage.

The Monastery of Sant Pere
The Monastery of Sant Pere

Another notable church in Besalú is the Church of Sant Julia i Sant Germa, a Romanesque church built in the 12th century, located on the outskirts of the town. Its unique apse, adorned with intricate carvings, adds to the town’s architectural splendor. Whether you are a history enthusiast or simply appreciate beautiful architecture, the churches of Besalú are not to be missed.

The Jewish Quarter and Ritual Baths

Besalú’s Jewish quarter occupies a significant position in the town’s history, reflecting the once-thriving religious life within its confines. The 12th-century ritual baths, or mikveh, are a fascinating and well-preserved underground enclosure that is open to visitors. The remnants of a medieval synagogue serve as a testament to the town’s important Jewish heritage. In fact, the ritual Jewish bath dating back to the 12th century is a prime example of the rich history found in this area.

As you explore these landmarks, you’ll gain a deeper understanding of the cultural diversity that has shaped Besalú throughout the centuries.

Strolling Through Cobbled Streets

A leisurely stroll through Besalú’s cobbled streets reveals architectural gems, local crafts, and a lively town square. As you wander through the town, take in the sights and sounds of this enchanting destination, where every corner holds a new discovery.

Street and square in the medieval city of Besalu, Spain, Catalonia
Street and square in the medieval city of Besalú, Spain, Catalonia

Architectural Highlights

Lined with well-preserved medieval structures, the town’s streets provide a window into its prosperous past. From the ancient Jewish Quarter to the impressive Bridge of Besalú, each architectural wonder tells a story of the town’s history and the people who once called it home. Make sure to stop and admire these architectural highlights as you explore the charming streets of Besalú.

Shopping for Local Crafts

As you meander through the town, be sure to visit the local shops selling a variety of handmade crafts and unique souvenirs. Some of the artisanal creations you can find include:

  • Intricate music boxes
  • Traditional pottery
  • Woven baskets
  • Ratafia liqueur

These items serve as a delightful reminder of your visit to Besalú.

Take the opportunity to support local craftsmen and bring home a piece of Besalu’s charm.

Town Square and Surroundings

Bustling with activity, the town square, which is the heart of the town center, is encircled by cafes, restaurants, and historic edifices. Whether you’re sipping a coffee at the charming 10 del Pont cafe or enjoying a delicious meal at one of the popular dining spots like Pont Vell or Curia Reial, the lively atmosphere of the town square is sure to captivate you.

As you relax and soak in the ambiance, take a moment to appreciate the picturesque surroundings that make Besalú a truly enchanting destination.

Delving into Besalú’s Cultural Scene

Comprising annual festivals, art installations, and captivating museums, Besalú’s cultural scene is vibrant and diverse. As you delve into the town’s vibrant cultural offerings, you’ll uncover a rich tapestry of history, art, and tradition that sets Besalú apart from other destinations.

Annual Festivals

The town hosts several festivals throughout the year, such as the Palm Friday procession and medieval-themed events. These celebrations offer visitors the chance to experience Besalú’s rich cultural heritage firsthand, with lively parades, music, and performances that showcase the town’s unique character.

If you’re planning your visit, consider timing your trip to coincide with one of these exciting events for an unforgettable experience.

Art Installations and Exhibitions

Besalú, Spain features unique art installations, such as the collaborative chair project created by local artists. This innovative art project brings together the talents of local artisans and showcases their creativity through the design of one-of-a-kind chairs.

In addition to the chair project, Besalú is home to various art exhibitions, offering a glimpse into the town’s thriving artistic community. Be sure to explore these fascinating installations and exhibitions as you immerse yourself in Besalú’s vibrant cultural scene.

Museums Worth Visiting

The Museum of Miniatures and the Besalú Miniature Museum are two must-visit attractions for art enthusiasts. These fascinating museums showcase intricate collections of tiny artworks and historical displays, providing a unique insight into the world of miniatures and microminiatures.

As you marvel at the incredible attention to detail and skillful craftsmanship on display, you’ll gain a newfound appreciation for the art of miniaturization.

Savoring Besalú’s Culinary Delights

Besalú presents a culinary feast with its range of top-tier restaurants, traditional dishes, and bustling food markets. As you savor the flavors of the region, you’ll discover the rich gastronomic heritage that has made this medieval town a food lover’s paradise.

Top Restaurants and Cafes

Popular dining spots in Besalú include Pont Vell, Curia Reial, and the charming 10 del Pont cafe. These establishments offer a range of delicious dishes, showcasing the best of local cuisine.

In Besalú, you will find many good restaurants and charming cafes
In Besalú, you will find many good restaurants and charming cafes

Whether you’re in the mood for a quick bite or a leisurely meal, Besalú’s restaurants and cafes provide the perfect setting for a memorable dining experience.

Traditional Dishes and Drinks

Visitors can sample traditional Catalan dishes and local drinks like ratafia liqueur during their stay in Besalú. Some of the town’s culinary specialties include paella, fideuà, and coca de recapte.

Be sure to indulge in these delicious dishes and savor the unique flavors that make Besalú’s cuisine truly special.

Food Markets and Fairs

Besalú hosts food markets and fairs, offering a taste of the region’s fresh produce and culinary specialties. From the Mercat de Besalú to the Mercat de la Terra, these markets provide a glimpse into the town’s vibrant food culture.

As you browse the stalls and sample the delicacies on offer, you’ll be immersed in the sights, sounds, and flavors of Besalúu’s thriving gastronomic scene.

Planning Your Visit

When planning your visit to Besalú, consider factors such as transportation options, suitable accommodations, and the most favorable time to visit. From exploring nearby attractions to finding the perfect place to stay, careful planning will ensure that your trip to this enchanting medieval town is a truly unforgettable experience.

Transportation Options

Besalú is accessible by car or public transport from Girona or Barcelona, with day trips and guided tours available. You have two options to get from Barcelona to Besalú. You can take a train to Girona or Figueres and continue your journey with a bus. Alternatively, you can opt for a direct bus from Barcelona to Besalú, which takes longer than the train.

View of the town of Besalú
View of the town of Besalú

Regardless of your choice, the journey to Besalú is a scenic adventure in itself, setting the stage for your exploration of this captivating town.

Accommodation Choices

When it comes to accommodation, Besalú has something to suit every traveler’s needs. From the highly-rated Els Jardins De La Martana Hotel to the family-friendly Cal Fuster apartments, there are plenty of options for a comfortable and memorable stay. Be sure to book your accommodation in advance, especially during the peak tourist season, to secure the best possible lodging for your visit.

Best Time to Visit

Besalú is a year-round destination, but visiting during a festival or event can enhance the experience. The best times to visit are from May through October, when you can expect warm temperatures and minimal precipitation.

Additionally, the first weekend in September is a particularly good time to visit, as it coincides with a medieval festival in Besalú. No matter when you choose to visit, Besalú’s charm and beauty are sure to leave a lasting impression.

Day Trips and Nearby Attractions

Owing to its prime location in Catalonia, Besalú serves as an ideal base for venturing into nearby attractions and natural marvels. From the stunning Costa Brava coastline to the breathtaking La Garrotxa Nature Reserve, there are plenty of exciting destinations just a short drive away.

La Garrotxa Nature Reserve

The nearby La Garrotxa Nature Reserve offers hiking trails, volcanic landscapes, and picturesque villages for visitors to explore. With its unique volcanic terrain and lush forests, the reserve provides an incredible opportunity to immerse yourself in the region’s natural beauty.

Whether you choose to hike through the park or visit one of the charming villages nestled within its boundaries, a trip to La Garrotxa is a must for any nature lover.

Costa Brava and Girona

The Medieval City Walls of Girona, a reminder of the city's rich history
The Medieval City Walls of Girona, a reminder of the city’s rich history

The Costa Brava coastline and the city of Girona are within easy reach for day trips from Besalú. Discover the rugged beauty of the Costa Brava, with its crystal-clear waters and picturesque coves, or explore the historic city of Girona, boasting a rich cultural heritage and stunning architecture.

No matter which destination you choose, you’re sure to create lasting memories of your time in Catalonia.

Dali Museum in Figueres

Unlocking the World of Surrealism at the Dalí Theatre Museum
Dalí Theatre Museum

Art enthusiasts can visit the Dali Museum in Figueres, just a short drive from Besalú. This fascinating museum showcases the work of legendary artist Salvador Dali, including his iconic surrealist paintings and sculptures.

As you explore the museum’s captivating exhibits, you’ll gain a deeper understanding of Dali’s unique artistic vision and the lasting impact he has had on the world of art.


From its rich history and architectural marvels to its vibrant cultural scene and natural wonders, Besalú truly offers something for every traveler. As you journey through the charming medieval streets, explore iconic landmarks, and savor the region’s culinary delights, you’ll be captivated by the enchanting allure of this hidden gem. So, pack your bags and embark on a journey to unveil the charming secrets of Besalú – a destination you’ll never forget.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Besalú known for?

Besalú is famous for its 12th-century Romanesque bridge, the Plaça de la Llibertat, the miqveh ritual baths, the church of Sant Pere consecrated in 1003, and its historical national property designation. All these make Besalú an important place steeped in history and culture.

Is Besalú spain worth visiting?

Besalú is an incredibly worthwhile destination, having been the capital of an independent state more than a thousand years ago. With attractions like Besalú Bridge and Miqve, it will enchant you and provide plenty of activities to enjoy while on your visit – you might never want to leave!

What is the best time of year to visit Besalú?

Visit Besalú from May to October for warm weather and the exciting medieval festival!

How can I get to Besalú from Barcelona?

Get ready for an amazing journey, because you can get to Besalú from Barcelona by taking a train to Girona or Figueres, and then a bus to Besalú, or go straight with a direct bus!

What are some must-visit attractions in Besalú?

Visit the stunning medieval bridge, explore the Monastery of Sant Pere and the Church of Sant Vicente, and marvel at the 12th-century mikveh – Besalú is a must-see destination!

Discover Catalonia

Each region of Spain is divided into provinces. Their names often coincide with the names of their main cities. Catalonia is divided into four provinces, each of which has different tourist attractions and interesting places to offer:
ProvinceTourist attractions and interesting places
BarcelonaGothic Quarter Barri Gòtic, La Rambla, Montjuïc, cable railway Telefèric de Montjuïc, Magic Fountains (Font Màgica), La Boqueria, Laberint d’Horta Park, Poble EspanyolCamp Nou, Torre Agbar, oceanarium in Barcelona, Barcelona Zoo, Tibidabo Amusement Park, Palace of Catalan Music, National Art Museum of Catalonia, Picasso Museum, Catalan Museum of Archaeology, Miniature Park - Catalunya en Miniatura, MACBA Museum of Contemporary Art of Barcelona, Generalitat Palace, Basilica of Our Lady of Mercy (La Mercé), Cathedral of Barcelona, remains of the temple of Augustus, Els Quatre Gats Cafe, Erotic Museum, Santa María del Mar Church, Port Vell, Plaça de Catalunya, Parc de la Ciutadella, Parc de Collserola, Casa Amatller, Palau Güell, Passeig de Gràcia - luxury street in Barcelona, Montserrat Monastery. Barcelona's neighborhoods and districts (El Raval, El Born, Sant Pere, Les Corts). Gaudi's Monuments: Sagrada Familia, Park Güell, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló, Pabellones Güell, Bellesguard, Casa Vicens, Casa Calvet. Popular cities: Barcelona, Torrelles de Llobregat, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Tarrasa, Badalona, Sabadell, Mataró, Santa Coloma de Gramanet, San Cugat del Vallés, Cornellá de Llobregat, San Baudilio de Llobregat, Rubí, Manresa, Villanueva y Geltrú, Viladecans, Casteldefels, El Prat de Llobregat, Granollers, Sardañola del Vallés, Mollet del Vallès, Gavá, Sant Antoni de Vilamajor
GironaSalvador Dali Museum, Museum of Miniatures and Microminiatures Micro Mundi, Sausage Museum. Popular cities: Girona, Figueres, Besalú, Blanes, Lloret de Mar, Tossa de Mar, Olot, Salt, Palafrugell, San Felíu de Guixols, Rosas, Bañolas, Palamós, Santa Coloma de Farnés, Castellón de Ampurias Torroella de Montgrí, La Bisbal del Ampurdán, Ripoll, Castillo de Aro, Calonge, La Escala, Cassá de la Selva, Castellfollit de la Roca
LleidaPopular cities: Lleida, Tárrega, Balaguer, Mollerusa, La Seo de Urgel, Cervera, Solsona, Alcarrás, Guisona, Almacellas
TarragonaAmusement and theme parks: PortAventura. Popular cities: Tarragona, Reus, Vendrell, Tortosa, Cambrils, Salou, Valls, Calafell, Amposta, Vilaseca

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Jessica Alvaro
Jessica Alvaro
Travel has always been close to me. For me, it's the air I can't breathe without. The sun, without which I forget what a smile is.